Causes of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that can be seen just under the skin. They often look like cords and can be blue, purple, or red. Varicose veins can be caused by several factors, including genetics, pregnancy, age, and lifestyle choices. Read on to learn more about the causes of varicose veins. Varicose veins are more common in women than men and more prevalent as people get older. They usually appear on the legs, although they can appear on the vulva or scrotum. People with varicose veins may notice them while standing up because the blood pools in their lower extremities when there is not enough muscle tone to push the blood upward. Varicose veins can also cause aching, cramping, and fatigue in the legs. You should see a Warner Robins varicose veins specialist for treatment if you have varicose veins.
As people get older, their veins lose elasticity and become more susceptible to damage. It can cause the valves in the veins to malfunction, which leads to blood pooling and the development of varicose veins.
During pregnancy, the body produces hormones that cause the veins to widen and stretch. It increases the risk of developing varicose veins after pregnancy because they are already weakened and may remain enlarged.
Varicose veins can run in families because it is a genetic trait that is often inherited from one or both parents. If your family members have varicose veins, you might be at a higher risk for developing them yourself.
- Lifestyle Choices
A few lifestyle choices can increase your risk of developing varicose veins. Smoking, for example, increases the risk of blood clots and damage to the veins. Being overweight or inactive also puts you at a higher risk for developing varicose veins.
- Valve Damage
Most varicose veins develop because of damage to the valves in the veins. When blood flows through the body, it is supposed to travel upward toward the heart. However, when there is not enough muscle tone in the legs, gravity can slow down this process and cause blood to pool in the lower extremities. This is especially likely to happen when standing or sitting for long periods. As blood pools in the veins, they stretch and weaken. The valves can also malfunction if there is too much pressure on them because the muscles cannot handle all the extra stress. If the valves do not close properly after blood passes through them, gravity will pull the blood back down into your feet and legs, which will cause the veins to enlarge.
- Blood Clots
You can also develop varicose veins if you have a blood clot in your vein. Both problems are caused by blood pooling in your veins. The longer the blood pools, the more likely it is to clot. If you have a painful red lump on one of your legs, especially if it starts small and overgrows over days or weeks, it might be a blood clot that has formed near one of your veins.
In summary, varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that can be seen just under the skin. You may develop them due to age, genetics, and pregnancy. Blood clots and nerve damage are other common causes of varicose veins.