Healthier Flour Types You Need for Your Food

Flour is one of the most groundbreaking human inventions about our food of all time.  Without it, we will not be able to enjoy everyday marvels such as cereals, cakes, fried foods, and so much more. You will be surprised by the number of things available to you when you allow flour in your arsenal of foods.

You don’t need whole grain flour in Singapore to make your dish pop. All you need is the right type of flour that helps you figure out what you need to make your foods taste delicious.

The history of the humble flour as an ingredient

Both avid bread eaters and those who avoid eating them should have an inkling as to why it makes up such a significant part of the diet. You might wonder how this food emerged as one of the leading foods we use in our diets. Many diets worldwide enjoy bread as a centrepiece of cuisines, alongside rice, potatoes, and other sources of carbohydrates. Flour, as one of the leading ingredients in bread, also serves as a part of the energy sources humans need.

We have been using flour ingredients for over 30,000 years. Scientists found the first evidence of grinding cereals with a stone mortar and pestle and grinding seeds using them. This time is longer than many inventions humans still use today (and many are falling out of fashion). You might be surprised that our ancient ancestors made flour and ate bread alongside vegetables and other common meats.

So what is flour, anyways? Flour is a powder made by grinding various ingredients. Most of the flour we use is from cereal grains, but people can make flour using other natural ingredients such as seeds or roots. High fibre flour and other flour types come from wheat, but when you migrate to places like Central America or specific cultures, you can even see flour from corn, rice, rye, and much more.

You are missing out on many things if you haven’t had rye bread or other bread from distinct flour types yet. To make authentic bread or other dishes, you will need to use the correct type of flour. The dish is more likely to stay true to its taste when you use the correct flour. That is why there are still many types of flour available today!

Types of flour that most people use

Someone-making-tempura

Here is a deep dive into some of the most popular types of flour and how we use them.

1) Tempura flour

If you are a longtime fan of Japanese food, you already know this type of flour. Nearly every tempura recipe calls for the use of a specific tempura flour. Tempura flour or tempura batter is made with wheat flour and combined with other ingredients to give it that soft gold colour and crunchy texture. Tempura batter can coat many things, from large prawns and shrimps to crab sticks and other foods. You can thank tempura flour for one of the most recognisable and celebrated foods. If you plan to make authentic Japanese foods, then tempura flour should be on your grocery list.

2) Barley flour

Barley flour is a type of non-wheat flour that is also incredibly popular in other countries. Barley can add much more fibre to the baked foods you make. It contains some amounts of gluten, but not enough for the dough to rise, so one has to be careful how to use them. Sometimes, we do not use barley flour in bread or baking. We put barley flour to thicken soups or stews, or added to gravy to give it that thick and luscious texture.

3) All-purpose flour

All-purpose flour is a wheat-based, multi-use, and unbleached flour. It has a self-explanatory name.The powdery flour is the most commonly used in the world because of its versatility. You can bake anything from pies to cakes to cookies and more. They are perfect for most cooking styles because the flour is mid-strength and medium-gluten. Having normal gluten and hardness may contribute to its versatility.

4) Gluten-free flour

Gluten-free flours behave entirely differently than regular types of flour, so you should observe caution when making a gluten-free baked goodie. It’s free of wheat, which is what gives normal flour gluten. Instead, one makes gluten-free wheat by crushing other types of grains, seeds, starches, or nuts. It is the perfect alternative for people steering clear of gluten. There is one crucial downside, though: gluten is what gives baked goods their structure. Without gluten in the food, your baked goods will not rise without any assistance. Resolve this problem if you have any plans to make gluten-free baked goodies.

5) High-protein flour

If you want something a little healthier, try out high protein flour. High protein flour is something you would want to get if you are looking for something with more protein content. The protein content in the flour can be as high as 13%! Also known as strong flour, this type of flour is made from hard grain wheat. FLours with high protein content can form bread loaves with good crumb structure because of their potential to develop the gluten in the loaf.

6) Buckwheat flour

If you want something that adds a little colour or life to your meal, you would use buckwheat flour. Buckwheat flour is related to rhubarb and can add an almost grassy and distinctive taste to your bread. It also adds an interesting colour to it. If you want to add a spin to your baked goods, you will use buckwheat flour.

Prima Flour allows you to enjoy all types of flour you might need for your cooking. Learn more about what healthier flour is all about when you check out the offerings Prima Flour has on its website.