Laparoscopic Surgery for Ovarian Cysts

For most people, the mention of the word surgery often comes with negative connotations that make them fear the outcomes, and patients may be reluctant to seek treatment. Not all surgical procedures are complicated; minimally invasive surgery only requires small incisions to guide the surgical instruments. A laparoscope goes into one incision to direct the process while other surgical instruments go into the other incisions. If you seek minimally invasive surgery in Silver Springs, Capital Women’s Care specialists will explain what the process entails and the quick recovery process.

What are ovarian cysts?

A cyst is essentially a sac filled with fluid, solids, or a mix of both, and it can occur in different parts of the body, such as the thyroid. Ovarian cysts are found in ovaries and are detected during a pelvic exam. There are two kinds of ovarian cysts; corpus luteum cyst and follicle cyst. The latter forms when the follicle fails to break to allow egg release during a menstrual cycle. If the process usually happens, the empty follicle shrinks into a group of cells called corpus luteum, producing hormones for the next egg in the menstrual cycle. If the corpus luteum fails to shrink, a corpus luteum cyst ensues.

Who is at risk of developing ovarian cysts?

Any woman with a regular menstrual cycle has a high chance of developing any of the two ovarian cysts. These cysts usually go undetected unless they cause medical problems or multiply. If a menopausal woman forms a cyst, they are likely to get ovarian cancer.

Robert T Greenlee and colleagues conducted a study in 2010 and surmised that 18% of women had simple cysts, which are prevalent among menopausal women. Most cysts typically resolve without intervention and are not present during subsequent ovary visualization, but a few are unstable and can develop into ovarian cancer.

Laparoscopic surgery to remove ovarian cysts

If the cyst is painful, proliferating, or solid, the gynecologist may suggest removal to prevent further medical problems. Sometimes, a fine needle aspiration (FNA) test can extract some fluid to test if the cyst is malignant or benign. If the results find a high chance of developing cancer, the doctor will recommend removal by performing a minimally invasive procedure like a laparoscopy.

During the procedure, the attending surgeon will insert a laparoscope down into your stomach so they can view internal organs. They will then make tiny incisions and remove the fluid-filled sac, then seal the incisions with dissolvable stitches.

What happens after cyst removal?

A minimally invasive surgery like a laparoscopy goes by smoothly are there is less recovery time. Nonetheless, there could be complications such as blood clots, excess bleeding, or an infection. In rare cases, the cyst may form again, and your doctor will have to examine it and discuss interventions.

In summary, scheduling regular appointments with your gynecologist is vital for your reproductive and general health. They can detect anomalies like cysts at the onset and determine the best approach to handle them before severe medical problems arise.