What are the causes of congenital malformations?

What are Congenital Malformations?

Congenital malformations are the defects, or you can call the abnormalities in the baby’s body that develop during pregnancy.

There are more than 4000 forms of congenital anomalies, and they are included in two large groups:

Structural Congenital Malformations:  are those in which the baby is born without a part of the body or with a malformation in that part.

Congenital heart malformations: within this group, the most frequent are Cleft Lip or Palate, Congenital Hip Dysplasia, Spina Bifida, or Clubfoot.

Functional Congenital Malformations: when there is a problem in the chemical composition of the body. Just like it happens with those that affect the metabolic, nervous, or immune system. The best known are Down Syndrome, Deafness, Blindness, Congenital Hypothyroidism, Chiari Malformation, or Tay-Sachs disease.

Prognosis of the disease

According to WHO, more than 303,000 newborns die each year during the first 4 weeks of life due to Congenital Malformations.

Many diseases can be prevented if detected at early stages. 

There are multiple levels of Congenital Malformations based on its severity. Some do not even require treatment, and others may need treatment and follow-up for a few years or for life, or even emergency surgeries. 

The current reality is that Congenital Malformations are an important cause of infant mortality, disabilities, and chronic diseases.

Thanks to advances in Medicine, Congenital Malformations occur in very few cases, only 15 out of every 1,000 newborns in Mexico.

On the other hand, Infrequent Diseases pose a greater challenge for thousands of families, who find themselves more helpless when facing an unknown disease.

Symptoms of Congenital Malformations

When a baby that is developing presents malformations, it does not produce notable symptoms in the mother, but the only way to detect them in time is to carry out a correct follow-up of the pregnancy, Genetic and prenatal studies.

On the other hand, the symptoms caused by Congenital Malformations in the newborn are highly variable depending on the specific malformation and the degree it presents.

Some malformations are imperceptible or allow a perfectly autonomous life, while others are disabling or require lifelong treatment.

Medical tests for congenital malformations

Most diagnostic tests for congenital diseases are usually carried out during pregnancy in the follow-up that the future mother must carry out with the specialist.

Ultrasound allows the gynecologist to observe the evolution and development of the fetus, being able to detect a large part of congenital malformations: for example, it allows Down Syndrome to be detected during the first trimester of pregnancy or there might be serious fetal anomalies up to the second trimester.

Amniocentesis is another of the key tests in the detection of pathologies such as neural tube chromosomal abnormalities.

On the other hand, before pregnancy, it is also recommended that the couple undergo genetic studies to find out the risk of having a baby with Congenital Malformations.

What are the causes of Congenital Malformations?

Most of such cases are detected as unknown origin, but various agents have been detected that may be related to the appearance of several of them:

  • Genetics of the parents
  • Consumption of certain drugs
  • maternal age
  • Diseases that the mother suffers during pregnancy
  • Food and care maintained during pregnancy

Can they be prevented?

Specialists in Gynecology and Obstetrics and health entities such as the WHO recommends a series of primary prevention measures for Congenital Malformations:

  • Take good care of the woman’s diet during pregnancy, with the necessary contribution such as maintaining the intake of folic acid
  • Avoid the use of harmful substances like tobacco and alcohol
  • control diabetes
  • Avoid exposure to toxic or dangerous substances such as pesticides
  • Avoid as much as possible exposure to radiation and the intake of medications

Improve vaccination against the viruses such as rubella

Treatments for Congenital Malformations

Many congenital malformations can be improved through surgery, even during pregnancy.

In other cases, newborns may require pharmacological treatment from birth or even undergo emergency operations to save their lives.

The treatment that each patient will require may vary depending on their Malformation or Congenital Pathology and their evolution.

What specialist treats them?

The specialists in detecting these malformations are the Gynecologist and Obstetrician, who carry out the follow-up of the pregnancy.

The Pediatric Surgeon can intervene in the treatment of some malformations.

Other specialists such as psychologists or speech therapists can also intervene in the treatment of malformations 

  • 4d toto macau
  • bandar togel
  • bo togel
  • bo togel
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel terpercaya
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • dingdong togel
  • bandar togel online terpercaya
  • situs agen togel online
  • agen togel online terpercaya
  • bandar togel terbaik dan terpercaya
  • situs agen togel online
  • situs judi togel online
  • situs agen togel terpercaya
  • situs togel
  • daftar bandar togel online terpercaya
  • situs agen togel resmi
  • daftar bandar togel online terpercaya
  • daftar bandar togel online
  • situs agen togel terpercaya
  • situs agen togel online
  • agen togel resmi di indonesia
  • situs agen judi togel
  • situs togel
  • daftar bandar togel terbesar dan terpercaya
  • situs slot
  • bo togel online terpercaya
  • agen togel
  • bandar togel lengkap terbesar
  • togel online
  • bo togel terpercaya dan terbesar
  • aftar situs slot online
  • agen judi togel online
  • nama situs togel terpercaya
  • judi slot online
  • situs togel resmi toto
  • 10 situs togel terpercaya
  • situs togel resmi toto
  • bandar togel online
  • situs togel online terpercaya
  • situs judi togel resmi
  • situs judi togel online
  • bandar togel china resmi
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • situs bandar togel toto online
  • situs judi togel 4d resmi
  • bandar togel hadiah 4d 10 juta
  • situs togel terbaik dan terpercaya
  • agen togel resmi di indonesia
  • bandar togel toto hongkong
  • bo togel bonus new member terbesar
  • situs slot deposit pulsa tanpa potongan
  • bo togel resmi di indonesia
  • daftar bandar togel terbesar dan terpercaya
  • situs judi togel online
  • agen bandar togel toto online
  • bandar lotre togel online
  • situs judi slot terbaik
  • situs togel resmi toto
  • bandar togel cambodia resmi
  • situs bo togel resmi
  • bandar togel hadiah 4d 10 juta terpercaya
  • bandar togel online terpercaya
  • agen bandar togel online
  • bo slot online terbaik
  • bandar togel online terbesar
  • bandar togel terpercaya dan terbesar
  • 10 situs togel terpercaya resmi
  • bandar togel terpercaya dan resmi
  • situs togel resmi dan terpercaya
  • situs bandar lotre togel
  • keluaran togel cambodia
  • situs togel online
  • situs agen togel online
  • bandar judi togel online
  • agen bandar togel online
  • situs togel terbaik
  • agen togel online terbesar
  • situs togel terpercaya dan terbesar
  • agen togel
  • bandar togel terbesar
  • situs judi slot
  • agen togel
  • daftar bandar togel terbesar dan terpercaya
  • bandar togel
  • situs togel
  • situs slot
  • bandar togel
  • slot resmi
  • Bandar Judi Togel Hari Ini Online24Jam Terpercaya 2022
  • bo togel
  • toto togel
  • togel deposit pulsa
  • togel hongkong
  • togel online
  • situs togel
  • situs bandar togel online terpercaya
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel terpercaya
  • situs togel
  • nama toto togel
  • togel online
  • togel online
  • situs togel
  • agen togel resmi
  • agen togel
  • situs togel
  • bandar togel
  • bandar togel
  • togel online
  • asia togel
  • situs togel
  • situs togel
  • situs togel
  • toto togel
  • togel online
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel
  • daftar togel
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel
  • situs togel online
  • situs togel
  • bandar togel
  • bandar togel
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • agen togel
  • situs judi togel
  • situs togel
  • agen togel
  • bandar togel
  • situs togel
  • situs togel
  • bo togel
  • agen togel
  • toto togel
  • bo togel
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • situs bandar togel
  • agen togel terpercaya
  • 5 bandar togel terpercaya
  • bo togel resmi
  • agen togel
  • situs togel online
  • situs togel resmi
  • daftar bandar togel
  • situs agen togel resmi
  • 4d toto macau
  • bandar togel
  • bo togel
  • 10 situs togel terpercaya
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel terpercaya
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • dingdong togel
  • bandar togel online terpercaya
  • situs agen togel online
  • agen togel online terpercaya
  • bandar togel terbaik dan terpercaya
  • situs agen togel online
  • situs judi togel online
  • situs agen togel terpercaya
  • situs togel
  • daftar bandar togel online terpercaya
  • situs agen togel resmi
  • daftar bandar togel online terpercaya
  • daftar bandar togel online
  • situs agen togel terpercaya
  • situs agen togel online
  • agen togel resmi di indonesia
  • situs agen judi togel
  • daftar bandar togel terbesar dan terpercaya
  • situs slot
  • bo togel online terpercaya
  • agen togel
  • bandar togel lengkap terbesar
  • togel online
  • bo togel terpercaya dan terbesar
  • aftar situs slot online
  • agen judi togel online
  • nama situs togel terpercaya
  • judi slot online
  • situs togel resmi toto
  • 10 situs togel terpercaya
  • situs togel resmi toto
  • bandar togel
  • situs togel online terpercaya
  • situs judi togel resmi
  • situs judi togel online
  • bandar togel china resmi
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • situs bandar togel toto online
  • situs judi togel 4d resmi
  • bandar togel hadiah 4d 10 juta
  • situs bandar togel
  • agen togel resmi di indonesia
  • bandar togel toto hongkong
  • bo togel bonus new member terbesar
  • situs slot deposit pulsa tanpa potongan
  • bo togel resmi di indonesia
  • daftar bandar togel terbesar dan terpercaya
  • situs judi togel online
  • agen bandar togel toto online
  • bandar lotre togel online
  • situs judi slot terbaik
  • situs togel resmi toto
  • bandar togel cambodia resmi
  • situs bo togel resmi
  • bandar togel hadiah 4d 10 juta terpercaya
  • agen bandar darat togel
  • agen bandar togel online
  • bo slot online terbaik
  • bandar togel online terbesar
  • bandar togel terpercaya dan terbesar
  • 10 situs togel terpercaya resmi
  • bandar togel terpercaya dan resmi
  • situs togel resmi dan terpercaya
  • situs bandar lotre togel
  • togel online
  • situs togel online
  • situs agen togel online
  • bandar judi togel online
  • agen bandar togel online
  • situs togel resmi
  • agen togel online terbesar
  • situs togel terpercaya dan terbesar
  • agen togel
  • bandar togel hadiah 4d 10 juta
  • situs judi slot
  • agen togel
  • daftar bandar togel terbesar dan terpercaya
  • bandar togel
  • situs togel
  • situs slot
  • bandar togel
  • slot resmi
  • Bandar Judi Togel Hari Ini Online24Jam Terpercaya 2022
  • bo togel
  • toto togel
  • togel deposit pulsa
  • togel hongkong
  • togel online
  • situs togel
  • situs bandar togel online terpercaya
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel terpercaya
  • situs togel
  • nama toto togel
  • togel online
  • togel online
  • situs togel
  • agen togel resmi
  • agen togel
  • situs togel
  • bandar togel
  • bandar togel
  • togel online
  • asia togel
  • situs togel
  • situs togel
  • situs togel
  • toto togel
  • togel online
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel
  • daftar togel
  • bandar togel
  • agen togel
  • situs togel online
  • situs togel
  • bandar togel
  • bandar togel
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • agen togel
  • situs judi togel
  • situs togel
  • agen togel
  • bandar togel
  • bo togel
  • bo togel
  • toto togel
  • bo togel
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • situs bandar togel
  • agen togel terpercaya
  • bo togel resmi
  • situs togel online
  • situs togel resmi
  • daftar bandar togel
  • situs agen judi togel
  • agen bandar togel
  • 5 bandar togel terpercaya
  • agen togel
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • 10 situs togel terpercaya
  • situs agen togel resmi
  • situs agen togel resmi
  • bo togel online
  • situs togel
  • situs togel
  • situs agen togel
  • situs togel online
  • agen togel online
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • toto togel
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • 5 bandar togel terpercaya
  • agen bandar togel resmi
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • bo toto togel
  • situs resmi pasang togel
  • situs togel online
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • agen togel
  • situs judi togel online
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • situs togel
  • situs bo togel
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • agen togel resmi
  • bandar togel terpercaya
  • daftar togel via dana
  • situs togel terpercaya
  • situs togel resmi
  • situs togel terpercaya
    situs togel agen togel agen togel toto situs togel online terpercaya situs agen togel resmi bandar togel terpercaya togel online situs togel terbaik situs togel 5 bandar togel terpercaya situs togel online agen bandar togel situs togel terbesar situs togel online situs togel terpercaya agen togel resmi bandar togel terpercaya situs togel deposit pulsa daftar situs togel terpercaya keluaran semua togel hari ini situs togel resmi toto situs judi togel online situs judi togel online agen togel online agen togel terpercaya bandar togel terpercaya bo togel hadiah terbesar agen bandar togel bandar togel hadiah 2d 100rb bandar togel resmi situs resmi pasang togel 10 situs togel terpercaya agen togel terpercaya agen togel agen togel resmi bandar togel online 10 situs togel terpercaya bandar togel terpercaya bandar togel resmi agen togel resmi situs togel terpercaya agen togel singapore bandar togel terpercaya agen togel terpercaya situs agen togel online situs togel agen togel bandar judi togel bandar togel terpercaya situs agen togel terpercaya situs agen togel resmi agen togel resmi situs agen togel terpercaya bo togel terpercaya situs agen togel terpercaya situs togel online daftar situs togel terpercaya situs bandar togel online situs bandar togel resmi situs agen togel resmi situs togel terbesar situs agen togel online situs togel online terpercaya agen togel online resmi pasaran togel singapore agen bandar togel terpercaya situs agen togel terpercaya bo togel hadiah 2d 100rb situs agen togel terpercaya situs agen togel online situs bo togel hadiah terbesar situs agen judi togel situs togel terpercaya situs agen togel resmi agen togel online 10 situs togel terpercaya situs togel deposit pulsa situs resmi pasang togel daftar togel toto online agen togel online 10 situs togel terpercaya bandar togel hadiah terbesar bo togel terpercaya agen toto togel daftar situs togel terbaik